The Greeks

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The first use of Greek letters we have is not a decree or contract but an expression of lo.

Episode 2 Preview The Good Strife. Archaeologists inspect an artifact that changes our understanding of how states formed. But, as its ancient history attests, strife and discord are often incubators for greatness.

Ancient Greece Timeline-The Greeks

From their beginnings as hunter-gatherers in harsh, unforgiving landscapes; to surviving the worst collapse in human history; to facing off against the greatest empire the world had ever known, the Greeks would have to overcome incredible odds to pave the way for the modern West. The story of the Greeks is the story of us. Uncover the origin story of Western civilization, as the early Greeks rise from nothing and change everything—laying the groundwork for a revolution in human thought.

Discover how the ancient Greeks finally reached the peak of civilization—revolutionizing art, architecture, drama, philosophy and government—and left a legacy that still points the way forward.

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Ancient sculptures line the upper floor of the Acropolis Museum in Athens. The ruins of Mycenae, originally excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in the s. A statue of the Spartan war hero, Leonidas, at Thermopylae, where the Greeks faced off against a much larger Persian Army. The ruins of Mycenae, home to the Mycenaeans, who developed a written language called Linear B. A view of the street artist INO's finished mural, of the ancient Greek thinker Democritus and a young child. A view of the marble mines of Mount Penteli, where marble was and continues to be sourced for the Parthenon.

The Acropolis Restoration Service still sources its marble from Mount Penteli, where the original Parthenon's marble was mined. The Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion was part of a major construction project spearheaded by Pericles that also included the Parthenon. The Greeks DVD is coming soon! The companion book is now available on ShopPBS. Shop Now. Visit PBS Shop. Featured Show.

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Watch Now. The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean. Between B. By the end of the seventh century B. Each of these poleis was an independent city-state. In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with: The people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came. The new poleis were self-governing and self-sufficient.


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As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork. Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy. These people resented the unchecked power of the oligarchs and banded together, sometimes with the aid of heavily-armed soldiers called hoplites, to put new leaders in charge.

These leaders were known as tyrants. Some tyrants turned out to be just as autocratic as the oligarchs they replaced, while others proved to be enlightened leaders.

Greeks (finance) - Wikipedia

Pheidon of Argos established an orderly system of weights and measures, for instance, while Theagenes of Megara brought running water to his city. Sculptors created kouroi and korai, carefully proportioned human figures that served as memorials to the dead. Scientists and mathematicians made progress too: Anaximandros devised a theory of gravity; Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils and Pythagoras of Kroton discovered his famous Pythagorean Theorem. The economic, political, technological and artistic developments of the Archaic period readied the Greek city-states for the monumental changes of the next few centuries.

But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The classical period was an era of war and conflict—first between the Greeks and the Persians, then between the In B.

What is ancient Greek medicine?

By the time he died 13 years later, Alexander had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India. That brief but thorough empire-building campaign changed the world: It spread For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around B.


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  4. The Iliad is an epic poem set in the Trojan War while the Odyssey tells the story of the adventures of Odysseus on his return from the Trojan war. First recorded Olympic games. The games were held at Olympia. Known as tyrants they seized power from the aristocracy and took over rule in their stead. The laws of Athens had previously been a set of oral laws. Draco introduced a new set of harsher laws which were written down for all to read. For many crimes the punishment was death.

    The Greeks: The Good Strife (2 of 3)

    The First Persian war began when Persia sent an invasion force into Athens in retaliation for its participation in a Greek raid on Persia.