Dictionary of Medical Terms, 4th Edition

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Dictionary of Medical Terms (4th Edition) By A & C Black

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Your order is now being processed and we have sent a confirmation email to you at. The dictionary is designed for anyone who needs to check the meaning or pronunciation of medical terms, but especially for those working in health-related areas who may not be healthcare professionals or for whom English is an additional language. Each headword is explained in clear, straightforward English. Pronunciations, uncommon plurals and uncommon verb forms are provided. Illustrations of some basic anatomical terms are also included.

Very many people have helped or advised on the compilation and checking of the dictionary in its various editions. In particular, thanks are due to Dr Judith Harvey for her helpful comments and advice on this fourth edition and to Dr Marie Condon for some revisions and clarification. Pronunciation Guide The following symbols have been used to show the pronunciation of the main words in the dictionary.

Stress is indicated by a main stress mark and a secondary stress mark. Note that these are only guides, as the stress of the word changes according to its position in the sentence. COMMENT: The abdomen is divided for medi- cal purposes into nine regions: at the top, the right and left hypochondriac regions with the epigastrium between them; in the centre, the right and left lumbar regions with the umbilical between them; and at the bottom, the right and left iliac regions with the hypogastrium between them. Opposite adduction. This causes pain, swelling and immobility of the affected joint.

The reason for this susceptibility is a profound abnormality of the immune system in chil- dren with SCD. NOTE: The formation of an abscess is often accompanied by a high temperature. The plural is abscesses. COMMENT: An acute abscess can be dealt with by opening and draining when it has reached the stage where sufficient pus has been formed.

Acronyms and Glossary

A chronic abscess is usually treated with drugs. Acetylcholine acts on both types of receptors, but other drugs act on one or the other. It is a feature of untreated severe diabetes. These blackheads often then become infected. It is used in the treatment of rhinitis, urticaria and eczema. Opposite passive 2.

Spanish-English Dictionary of Health Related Terms | Berkeley

The bed losses forced one hospital to send acutely ill patients to hospitals up to sixteen miles away. After Thomas Addison — , from Northumberland, founder of the science of en- docrinology. Treatment is with corticosteroid injec- tions.

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After Thomas Addison — , from Northumberland, founder of the science of endocrinology. Compare abducent Medicine. Compare abduc- tion. Also called adrenal body, ad- renal. COMMENT: Adrenaline is produced when a person experiences surprise, shock, fear or excitement and it speeds up the heartbeat and raises blood pressure.

It is administered as an emergency treatment of acute anaphy- laxis and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Alpha receptors constrict the bronchi, beta 1 receptors speed up the heart- beat and beta 2 receptors dilate the bronchi. Abbr ACTH. Aftercare treatment involves changing dressings and helping people to look after themselves again. Bones become more brittle and skin becomes less elastic. The most important changes affect the blood vessels which are less elastic, making thrombosis more likely. This also reduces the supply of blood to the brain, which in turn re- duces the mental faculties.

Also called Medicine. It is spread mostly by sexual intercourse and can affect anyone. It is also transmitted through in- fected blood and plasma transfusions, through using unsterilised needles for injec- tions, and can be passed from a mother to a fetus. The disease takes a long time, usually years, to show symptoms, and many people with HIV are unaware that they are infected.

It is not curable. It is hereditary and cannot be treated. When drunk, alco- hol is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. It is a source of energy, so any carbohydrates taken at the same time are not used by the body and are stored as fat. Alcohol is a de- pressant, not a stimulant, and affects the way the brain works.

This causes high blood pres- sure and the need to drink a lot of liquids. Note also that live can be used in front of a noun: The person was injected with live vaccine. Alkaline solu- tions are used to counteract the effects of acid poisoning and also of bee stings. If strong al- kali, such as ammonia, is swallowed, the pa- tient should drink water and an acid such as orange juice.

About Dictionary of Medical Terms

Allergic reaction to serum is known as anaphylaxis. Treatment of aller- gies depends on correctly identifying the aller- gen to which the patient is sensitive. This is done by patch tests in which drops of different allergens are placed on scratches in the skin.

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  7. Food allergens discovered in this way can be avoided, but other allergens such as dust and pollen can hardly be avoided and have to be treated by a course of desensitising injections. NOTE: You have an allergy or you are allergic to something.