Dictionary of Anthropology

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The definition of anthropology is the study of various elements of humans, including biology and culture, in order to understand human origin and the evolution of various beliefs and social customs. YourDictionary definition and usage example.

Anthropology - Definition and How To Pronounce

Link to this page. MLA Style "Anthropology. In YourDictionary.

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All rights reserved. The scientific study of humans, especially of their origin, their behavior, and their physical, social, and cultural development. Also called culturology. Also ethnocentricity. Also called cognatic descent. Linguistic anthropology is mainly concerned with the technical analysis of language.

Includes music, dance, sculpture, painting, drawing, stitchery, weaving, poetry, writing, woodworking, etc.

Macmillan dictionary of anthropology [1986]

A medium of expression where the individual and culture come together. Foraging typifies the subsistence technology. A respected and older person may be looked to for leadership, but the person has no formalized authority. The theory is that maintaining a strong sense of one's one culture and language is necessary to acquire another language and culture. Includes the measure of the number and frequency in an assemblage. Includes the carving of elaborate poles to commemorate deceased persons. This is reported to occur in the context of warfare, as part of a funeral rite or, rarely, in cases of extreme stress.

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Capital can include renewable and non renewable natural and human made assets, as well as intellectual, social, and cultural assets see capital discussion. A ranked society in which a few leaders make decisions for the group. They contain alkaloids including cocaine and are used medicinally and in magic by the Aymara.

In cooperative management, representatives of user groups, the scientific community, and government agencies share knowledge, power, and responsibility. Status and role are concepts. Ranking statuses according to social classes, e.

Includes ethnology and anthropological linguistics. May also include archaeology. Also referred to as enculturation or socialization. If Asmat cannibalism is restricted, changes will occur in many other aspects of the culture. If one part of the culture changes, this necessitates change in all other related parts.

Also discussed as the gap between expectations and the ability to meet these expectations. Curers are usually part-time specialists who are paid for their services and are also called shamans. It is a statement of values about what should be done. See the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy for more information. It is the social organizational changes made to promote growth in an economy. Gross national product and gross domestic product are the usual measures of economic growth. Wealth, the net gain from economic activity, is better.

Further, economic growth could occur from having more people in an economy. If the economic growth occurs more slowly than the population growth, then there can be economic growth, but the average person is less well-off. It can be measured quantitatively with such measures as wealth concentration, Gini coefficients, and percentiles.

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Equity is not quantitatively measured; it is determined by people agreeing that their institutions are fair. Ethnic identity can vary with changes in social context. Usually a process of internal cultural change. Extended families can be constructed across generations by including parent's or children's families or extended laterally by including multiple wives or sibling's families. Often the people die out too. Some may become peasants or pass into contemporary society. A very inclusive definition is two or more people who define themselves as a family.

Also see "extended family," "nuclear family," U.

The Dictionary of Anthropology

Census Bureau definitions. Note that sociocultural anthropology and ethnology are closely related fields of study. The term used to refer to the subsistence patterns of cultures different from our own continually changes as our values change. Initially, these groups were called "primitives. Also called somatology. The study of humankind, including origins, behavior, and institutions. The study of the human race. Known in Britain as social anthropology. Anthropology differs from sociology largely because it developed from a different intellectual tradition. Early anthropologists were motivated by a desire to study primitive societies.

On the other hand, the founding fathers of sociology such as Durkheim, Weber, and Marx were more concerned with an analysis of industrial societies. The scientific study of humankind, including origins, behavior, religion, institutions, and social and cultural development. Switch to new thesaurus.

Anthropology | Definition of Anthropology by Merriam-Webster

Mongoloid - of or pertaining to or characteristic of one of the traditional racial division of humankind including especially peoples of central and eastern Asia. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? Their topics include Jos Platenkamp and the Leiden tradition in structural anthropology, Omaha and all that: basic issues and new horizons in the study of relationship terminologies, exchange and the constitution of people under a welfare regime, secularization or normalization of religion in Indonesia: from custom to Pancasila and back to Adat, the British interregnum in Java an experiment in supra-national fraternal governance, and the mediation of intercultural competence as a form of applied anthropology.

This was particularly affirming for him because he had "won" a place of acceptance among his applied anthropology peers.